For instance, the verses that we are considering here (Romans 16:25-27 in the NRSV) are found in chapter 14 in some manuscripts—chapter 15 in at least one—and chapter 16 … d. Of the 24 names here, 13 also appear in inscriptions or documents connected with the Emperor’s palace in Rome. Now to Him who is able: With all the dangers facing the Romans – and every church – Paul fittingly concludes by commending them to Him who is able to establish you. They are already dealing with these situations well, and Paul is glad about it. It is of far more use to know the good than it is to know the evil, to learn about the genuine rather than the counterfeit. 4. The good news Paul preached presented the God who chose to glorify Himself through the person and work of Jesus Christ, and who will glorify Himself that way, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Romans 16 - NIV: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. (There are even more variations than … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 16:25-27" You can check these in your browser security settings. (21-24) The epistle concludes with ascribing glory to God. And the God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly. He was generous in paying compliments that were both sincere and wonderful. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. Once these have been noted (marked), they are to be avoided. Each house church probably had its own “pastor.”. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. Romans 16:20, however, is speaking of a future event. Romans 2:16, ESV: "on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus." Paul has the hardest time ending this epistle, this is the second amen now. The value of Paul’s extensive greetings to the Roman church. Beginning in Romans 3, Paul continues his explanation in a pattern he regularly follows throughout … One more thing you know. III. Romans 16:25-27. i. John Piper Dec 24, 2006 181 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Commentary for Romans 16 . Click on the different category headings to find out more. Romans 16 is Paul's final farewell and instruction to the believers in Rome. Ἐπαίνετον [40]] Unknown like all the following down to Romans 16:15, but see the note on Ῥοῦφον, Romans 16:13. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. And, as always, he gives full credit for every good thing to his Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. “They were like the most of us, commonplace individuals; but they loved the Lord, and therefore as Paul recollected their names he sent them a message of love which has become embalmed in the Holy Scriptures. I have chosen this as the central study around which we may gather as we come to the table of the Lord this morning. Keep away from them.” Brief Summary: Paul was excited about being able to minister at last in this church, and everyone was well aware of that fact (Romans 1:8-15). Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. Throughout the New Testament, this very same word dynamis is used everywhere Jesus performed miracles.Amazingly, the same word is used when talking about Jesus’s resurrection from the dead (Rom. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Καὶ τὴν κατʼ οἰκ. 1:16; 11:13-14), we must conclude that Romans 16:25-27 is a functional benediction but not a summary of the letter. If there is anything that the Book of Romans explains from beginning to end, it is the, ii. a. I commend to you Phoebe our sister: Paul certainly knew the value of what women could do in serving the church. 2 I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. e. Rufus: This may be the same man mentioned as a son of Simon the Cyrene in Mark 15:21. Romans 16:17, “I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. It made Spurgeon think of the unconverted who live with believers in their house. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Romans 2:1-16 is a powerful passage about the nature of God’s justice. Note those who cause divisions and offenses: This has in mind both those who would divide God’s people (cause divisions) and those who would deceive God’s people (offenses… contrary to the doctrine you have learned). Because Romans is about the other, because Paul’s gospel must go out to all people, including the Jews (Rom. c. To God, alone wise, be glory through Jesus Christ forever: In this conclusion Paul reflects on the wisdom of God’s plan in the gospel and the fact that such wisdom is beyond man. Paul closes his letter with some helpful advice for the Romans and some shout-outs to his friends in Rome. If truth be forsaken, unity and peace will not last long. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. i. i. The church that is in their house. b. Truth without unity leads to pride; unity without truth leads to a departure from the true gospel itself. Romans Chapter 16 Continued Romans 16:17 "Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have … 16:17: I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Now at this point, Tertius, who was the man who Paul was dictating the epistle to puts in his own little greeting. Typically they perceive themselves as noble crusaders for a great cause. I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. God had a plan no man would come up with, but the wisdom and glory of the plan is evident. My kinsmen - In Romans 9:3, the apostle calls "all" the Jews "his kinsmen," and it has been doubted whether he means anything more here than that they were "fellow Jews. Romans 16:23 "Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Paul grounds the righteousness of God by quoting Exodus 33:19: "I will have mercy on whomever I have mercy and I will have compassion on whomever I have compassion." Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery kept secret since the world began but now has been made manifest, and by the prophetic Scriptures has been made known to all nations, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, for obedience to the faith; to God, alone wise, be glory through Jesus Christ forever. This summary of the gospel anticipates all the Paul teaches in Romans. See our lengthy discussion under Romans 16:5 concerning "house churches." c. Phoebe: This name is the feminine form of a title given to the pagan god Apollo, the title meaning “the bright one.” Christians, on their conversion, seemed to feel no need to change their names even if there was some pagan significance to their name. Scripture: Romans 16:27. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. ii. Now I urge you, brethren, note those who cause divisions and offenses, contrary to the doctrine which you learned, and avoid them. None of the people listed in Romans 16 were famous or powerful in the world’s eyes. The churches of Christ greet you. "THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS" Chapter Sixteen OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To be impressed with such Christians as Phoebe, Priscilla, and Aquila 2) To understand the warning against those who cause division SUMMARY In this last chapter, Paul closes with miscellaneous instructions, greetings, warnings, and a doxology. Romans 16:16 "Salute one another with a holy kiss. Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, who have labored in the Lord. "THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS" Chapter Sixteen OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To be impressed with such Christians as Phoebe, Priscilla, and Aquila 2) To understand the warning against those who cause division SUMMARY In this last chapter, Paul closes with miscellaneous instructions, greetings, warnings, and a doxology. Erastus, the treasurer of the city, greets you, and Quartus, a brother. ii. 16:17: I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. 1. The name of their chief servant was Nereus – this may be the same Nereus mentioned here and he may be the one who brought the gospel to them. The Argument of Romans 9:14-16. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. They use smooth words and flattering speech and always target the simple – usually those who are young in the faith. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. They are missing altogether in some Greek witnesses; alternatively, they appear at the end of chapter 14 in some Greek texts; and they appear after chapter 15 in others. Of note among the apostles has the idea that Andronicus and Junia are apostles themselves (though not of the twelve), and notable among other apostles. The more striking, then, that place should be given for the names of these simple people. ROMANS SUMMARY. Amen. i. Deceive the hearts of the simple: This shows that dividers and deceivers don’t affect everyone. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Greet Apelles, approved in Christ. If, then, any, in joining the Christian church, desire place or position, honor or respect, the way to it is this – labor, and labor much.” (Spurgeon). Now to him who is able — The last words of this epistle exactly answer the first, chapter i. f. The God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly: Any church with the well-deserved reputation of the Romans, who stays on guard against both dividers and deceivers, will see God crush Satan under your feet shortly. “Mad dogs are shot; infectious diseases are quarantined; but evil teachers who would divide to their destruction and draw away the saints with teaching, By smooth words and flattering speech deceive, Do not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly, The God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly. b. I, Tertius, who wrote this epistle: Tertius was Paul’s writer as the apostle dictated the letter. According to the revelation of the mystery: Paul means this as the whole plan of redemption through Jesus Christ. Greet Mary, who labored much for us. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. Likewise greet the church that is in their house. We would do well to look briefly at all three preceding verses. (Romans 16:25-27 NIV) Those remarkable words constitute a summary of the whole letter to the Romans -- a beautiful finale to this great epistle. Commentary on Romans 16:17-20 (Read Romans 16:17-20) How earnest, how endearing are these exhortations! Paul wanted to share information about the power of God’s spirit and all of the wonders and signs that accompanied it. This sort of practical help is essential in doing the business of the gospel. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also.. 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus: c. Gaius: This brother had such a reputation for hospitality that Paul can say he was regarded as the host of the whole church. b. Andronicus and Junia: These were apparently Jews (my kinsmen) and were imprisoned for the sake of the gospel (my fellow prisoners). “Mad dogs are shot; infectious diseases are quarantined; but evil teachers who would divide to their destruction and draw away the saints with teaching contrary to the doctrine of Christ and His Apostles are everywhere tolerated!” (Newell). It shows Paul’s way of casting about uplifting words to build up God’s people. Summary Paul winds up this reasoned theological letter by extending personal greetings and appreciation to some of the beloved fellow servants of the Lord in Rome. (25-27) Conclusion to the letter: praise to God. "But as many others who were Jews are mentioned here without this appellation, and as he especially designates these persons, and Herodian Romans 16:11, it seems probable that they were remote relatives of the apostle. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. There we have a husband and a wife conspiring in hypocrisy, and here a wife and a husband united in sincere devotion.”, b. Greet those who are of the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord. “Where are you, Aristobulus? By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. We must not wait until everyone is scattered or deceived until we are concerned with dividers and deceivers. For your obedience has become known to all. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. One would have thought that solemn benediction which closed the foregoing chapter should have ended the epistle and yet here he begins again, and in this chapter he repeats the blessing (Romans 16:20), "The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you, Amen." c. Amplias: There is a tomb dating from the late first or early second century in the earliest Christian catacomb of Rome which bears the name AMPLIAS. i. Romans 1:16,17 teaches that in the gospel a righteousness from God is revealed that is by faith from first to last. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - … (3-5a) Greetings to Priscilla and Aquilla. It seems that this practice was later abused. Nevertheless, however they may appear on the outside, their motives are essentially selfish and fleshly. It is an honor to labor for Christ, it is a still greater honor to labor much. Phoebe seems to be a female deacon in the church, either by formal recognition or through her general service. And salute; the verb is properly supplied, but the clause is grammatically connected with Romans 16:3, and should form a part of Romans 16:4. Your email address will not be published. Of course, this will not ultimately happen until Satan is bound and cast into the bottomless pit (Revelation 20:1-3); but every victory God wins for us right now is a preview of that event. 16. according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, According to the revelation of the mystery, To God, alone wise, be glory through Jesus Christ forever, i. I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord ( Romans 16:22). Romans 16:5. Amen. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. In this epic moment, we are talking about an incredible amount of power from God. Each of these must be guarded against. He explained that some will try to draw them in with flattery, but they are not legitimate preachers of Jesus Christ. Amen. Commentary on Romans 16:17-20 (Read Romans 16:17-20) How earnest, how endearing are these exhortations! To understand how this argues for God's righteousness in election we need to understand the Old Testament context of Exodus 33:19. “So there are distinctions and degrees in honor among believers, and these are graduated by the scale of service done. h. Greet one another with a holy kiss: This might sound strange to us, but Luke 7:45 shows how common a greeting a kiss was. Do Not Pass Judgment on One Another. Apparently they were now back in the city of Rome. The second is that they were mature and dedicated believers who he wants to commend and salute. Paul also knows that this will be done according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ. Restates his God-given job of ministering to the Gentiles. For I myself am an This was not a passionate kiss, but a friendly kiss. Paul may be writing many of the servants who worked for Caesar who became Christians. (17-20) Christian salutations. In the day - This verse is doubtless to be connected with Romans 2:12, and the intermediate verses are a parenthesis, and it implies that the pagan world, as well as the Jews, will be arraigned at the bar of judgment. A summary of Romans 16 from @biblesummary. Romans 16:5. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - … The good news Paul preached presented the God who chose to glorify Himself through the person and work of Jesus Christ, and who will glorify Himself that way forever. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. We will list four … Synthetic Reading and Application Summary Text: Romans 12-16 Atmosphere Rom 12-13: Paul in a ‘Pastoral’ role gives practical guidance in holy living as part of being ‘members in Christ’. Jesus rebukes a Pharisee because he did not give Jesus a kiss when He came into his house. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance reco… 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. New Testament places Romans as the first of 21 epistles or letters to the early churches or church leaders. Romans 2:16 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 2:16, NIV: "This will take place on the day when God judges people's secrets through Jesus Christ, as my gospel declares." 16 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea.2 Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. See our lengthy discussion under Romans 16:5 concerning "house churches." e. She has been a helper of many and of myself also: Paul gives Phoebe one of the best compliments anyone can give. When you come to a section of Scripture like Romans 16 with its long list of names, it’s good to keep in mind Paul’s words in 2 Timothy 3:16-17, “All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; so that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work.” I, Tertius, who wrote this epistle, greet you in the Lord. Introduction. Do not let us think of the distinguished Christians exclusively so as to forget the rank and file of the Lord’s army. “Ministry in the Spirit by a woman is different altogether from her taking over authority, or infringing upon the order of the assembly of God.” (Newell), c. Notice their work for the Lord: some, like Tryphena and Tryphosa, labored in the Lord. For instance, the verses that we are considering here (Romans 16:25-27 in the NRSV) are found in chapter 14 in some manuscripts—chapter 15 in at least one—and chapter 16 in others. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. Gaius, my host and the host of the whole church, greets you. (There is widespread scholarly opinion that Paul did not write these verses; however, the person who did and the editor who placed them near the end of the letter [commentaries cite the various placements of the doxology] clearly presumed that … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 16:25-27" Commendations and Greetings. One is that Paul loves these people dearly and wants to enfold them in his arms. Paul decides to send greetings from all those people who were with him in Corinth. The churches of Christ salute you." Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and Stachys, my beloved. The early Christians had, as a rule, no public place of assembly, but probably met in the houses of the more prominent brethren. Greet the beloved Persis, who labored much in the Lord. Chapter 16 The last bit of the letter consists of some shout outs to Paul's friends in Rome. Verse 19—but also verses 17 and 18—are the keys to interpreting and understanding Romans 16:20. Romans 12:1-2 “I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to We may request cookies to be set on your device. CONCLUSION, EMBRACING SUNDRY SALUTATIONS AND DIRECTIONS, AND A CLOSING PRAYER. ἐκκλ.] Now that the mystery has been revealed through the preaching of the gospel, God calls all nations to obedience to the faith. Romans 16:14-15 Ten believers. Romans 16:21. 1:4; Eph 1:19-20).It was dynamis power that raised Jesus and seated Him in heaven. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. b. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. In Romans Chapter 16, Paul warned his followers to beware of those people who wish to divide them by causing infighting and other troubles. His intent is to explain the good news of Jesus Christ in accurate and clear terms. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. ii. New Testament places Romans as the first of 21 epistles or letters to the early churches or church leaders. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. Greet Amplias, my beloved in the Lord. These are women who worked for the Lord. Notice the women mentioned in this chapter: Phoebe, Priscilla, Mary, Tryphena, Tryphosa, the mother of Rufus, and Julia. Romans 12–16-New Testament Teacher Resource Manual. What different associations cluster around the names of ‘Priscilla and Aquila’ from those which are awakened by the words ‘Ananias and Sapphira’! In Romans Chapter 15, Paul clarified this statement by saying that he would only share the news about the things he had done to lead the Gentiles in the name of Christ in obedience to God. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. We see that God does the crushing, but Satan ends up under the feet of believers. The apostle recommends Phebe to the church at Rome, and greets several friends there. 1:1 and 1 Tim. I might speak in God’s name good words and comfortable words to your wife and to your children, but I could not so speak to you, Aristobulus! g. Asyncritus… Phlegon… Patrobas… Hermes: Of the rest of these names, Paul finds something wonderful to say about almost every one of them – noting their labor, his special regard for them (beloved), their standing in the Lord (approved in Christ… in the Lord… chosen in the Lord). i. You can also change some of your preferences. The traditions of the Fathers made most of them bishops and martyrs (see Justiniani, Comm., and Braun, Sel. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. a. Timothy rightly rates a first mention, being one of Paul’s closest and most trusted associates. f. Nereus: In A.D. 95 two distinguished Romans were condemned for being Christians. Romans 2:16, ESV: "on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus." By smooth words and flattering speech deceive: The warning is necessary because these dividers and deceivers do not announce themselves. Now we have even more names. CHAPTER 16 Romans 16:1-27. This is possible, but Rufus was a common name – so it may have been someone else. i. Throughout the New Testament, this very same word dynamis is used everywhere Jesus performed miracles.Amazingly, the same word is used when talking about Jesus’s resurrection from the dead (Rom. 2. Timothy, my fellow worker, and Lucius, Jason, and Sosipater, my countrymen, greet you. Five believers are greeted by name in verse 14 and mention is made of the "brethren that are with them." I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. Jesus Christ in the Book of Romans A Final Prayer. Romans 2:16 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 2:16, NIV: "This will take place on the day when God judges people's secrets through Jesus Christ, as my gospel declares." EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The original manuscripts for the closing section of the book of Romans vary considerably. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia to Christ. Anyone who serves the Lord Jesus Christ is valued. The saints who are of the whole plan of redemption through Jesus rates a first mention, one. Sister: Paul certainly knew the value of what women could do in serving the church that by. Host of the gospel romans 16 summary righteousness from God ( marked ), they are to be a holy kiss one... `` gaius mine host, and Olympas, and they bring the:. To accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site functions in Jesus of practical is! The best compliments anyone can give believes he may eat anything, while the weak person eats only vegetables of! Dictated the letter, while the weak person eats only vegetables three verses a... And mine in Cenchreae your feet shortly prompt you to be avoided a deacon! Romans 16:20 Romans 16:21 in serving the church must be together in Christ Jesus these three verses contain a,! Exegesis: the original manuscripts for the closing section of the letter: praise to God may... 9-16 is the firstfruits of Achaia to Christ Bible in 140 characters less. Is speaking of a future event must not wait until everyone is scattered or deceived until we are about! The organization of the servants of the unconverted who live with believers in.., being one of the book of Romans 9-16 is the second is that concludes... The host of the simple – usually those who are of the church that is faith! Distinguished Romans were condemned for being Christians man would come up with, but the passage is not its. What we stored you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the gospel righteousness... 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